The Effects of Social Origin and Formal Education on First Job in the Process of Transformation to Market Capitalism: A Cohort Analysis of Data from the Polish Panel Survey
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Polish Academy of Sciences; Martin-Luther-University in Halle, Germany.
Publication date: 2017-12-30
Polish Sociological Review 2017;200(4):465–484
This paper analyses trends in social mobility in Poland in the process of system transformation to market capitalism. Using data from the Polish Panel Survey POLPAN, it compares social origin effects on educational attainment and on occupational status of the first job as well as the impact of formal education on the latter. The analysis is performed over four cohorts that have entered the labor market: (1) between 1983 and 1989, (2) between 1990 and 1998, (3) between 1999 and 2006, and (4) between 2007 and 2013. With regard to the impact of social origin on attainment of tertiary education upon entry to the labor market and on the status of the first job the analyses show stable social origin effects across time. Furthermore, there is evidence of a rising polarization of the effect of educational level on occupational position in the first employment.
The author gratefully acknowledges comments on previous versions of the text by Kazimierz M. Słomczyński, Joshua K. Dubrov, and Reinhold Sackman.
This paper is based on the analysis of the data from the Polish Panel Survey POLPAN, 1988–2013 supported by the National Science Centre Poland, grant No. 2011/02/A/HS6/00238. This work was supported by DAAD (PRIME Program: grant number 57339733).