Of Love and Hate. Origins and Effects of Positive and Negative Party Identification in Poland
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SWPS University of Social Sciences and Humanities
Publication date: 2022-03-21
Polish Sociological Review 2022;217(1):3-22
The nature and effects of party identification in post-communist democracies have been an object of disputes, as the existing research does not lead to conclusive results. The present paper contributes to the discussion with analyses of four-fold typology of partisans (Rose, Mishler 1998), who either have a positive or negative party identification, or both, or none. We embed this typology in a contemporary Polish context. Using the PNES data for the 2005–2019 elections, we examine the proportions of each type of partisanship and their stability in time. We also verify what their determinants are and what their influence on electoral participation is. Our results demonstrate that positive and negative party identifications are of rational origin, although since 2015, expressive partisanship is also developing. We also prove that positive, negative, and combined motivations make Poles more prone to vote, contributing to the stability of democracy on a behavioral level.
The author worked on this text within the framework of research grants no. 2016/21/ D/HS5/03846 (Political branding: new approach to party–voter relationship) and 2018/31/B/HS5/03403 (Polish National Election Study 2019) funded by National Science Centre Poland, conducted at the Institute of Social Sciences, SWPS University of Social Sciences and Humanities in Warsaw.
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