The Inconsistent, Everyday Legal Consciousness of Contemporary Poles
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Jagiellonian University
Submission date: 2023-01-10
Acceptance date: 2023-06-13
Publication date: 2023-09-27
Polish Sociological Review 2023;223(3):289–318
On the basis of a nationwide survey conducted in 2020, this article strives to answer questions concerning the legal consciousness of contemporary Poles. Above all, it aims to establish whether the law is of value in Polish society—used as a tool for the resolution of conflicts, protection of rights, and the management of social relationships. The analysis is anchored in the Polish tradition of research on legal consciousness, but goes beyond that tradition to emphasize a sense of agency and competency as key components of legal consciousness. Moreover, the analysis links legal consciousness to other areas of life controlled by legal regulations. Supported by such theoretical considerations, this article presents an empirical model of legal consciousness in order to ponder a question about the empirical roots of the rule of law and legal alienation in the consciousness of Poles today.
This article is an outcome of the “Legal Consciousness of Polish Society: Diagnosis, Types, Paths of Formation” research project (No. 2017/27/B/HS5/01658) financed by the National Science Centre Poland and carried out at the Jagiellonian University Institute of Sociology.