Mixed Embeddedness and the Dynamics of Self-Employment among Turkish Immigrants in Finland
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University of Helsinki
Publication date: 2014-01-07
Polish Sociological Review 2013;184(4):487–504
The article analyses dynamics of social capital that can explain how Turkish immigrants in Finland become self-employed and why they have established themselves within a particular economic sector. The mixed embeddedness perspective on ethnic and immigrant entrepreneurship is utilised to achieve a better understanding of these processes. The interview study indicates that immigrants are able to establish ethnic economies also in countries with relatively small and geographically dispersed immigrant populations. Immigrant entrepreneurs can mobilise transnational social capital for the establishment of businesses, but only under circumstances where transnational resources can be utilised as a local resource. To understand the dynamics of immigrants businesses requires an analysis of the embeddedness of immigrants in a simultaneously transnational and local social context.
The article is a revised version of a paper presented at the Workshop on Embeddedness and Embedding,held in Gdańsk 14–15 May 2012, organised by the Polish Sociological Association, University of Gdańsk and the Kashubian Institute.