Between Legitimation and Support of Rodrigo Duterte. Understanding Enduring Popularity of the President of the Philippines
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Institute of Intercultural Studies, Jagiellonian University
Submission date: 2021-10-12
Acceptance date: 2022-02-28
Publication date: 2022-06-21
Polish Sociological Review 2022;218(2):208–224
Rodrigo Duterte, the president of the Republic of the Philippines, has been heavily criticized by the local and international media, primarily for his brutal anti-drugs campaign and suppression of political opposition and journalists. Nevertheless, despite controversial decisions, Duterte remains, as surveys show, extremely popular among Filipinos. In this context, this study aims at answering the following questions: 1. What are the sources of the popularity of Rodrigo Duterte in the Philippines? 2. What are the mechanisms of legitimation of his actions? Beginning with a theoretical discussion of the differences between legitimation, popularity, support, and trust, the article concludes by pointing out a combination of structural, situational, personal, and technological factors that impact his popularity.
This work was supported by the National Science Centre, Poland, grant 2018/02/X/HS5/02375 “Political legitimization of Rodrigo Duterte presidency in the Republic of the Philippines.”