PSR 2(170)/2010

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Table of contents:

Jadwiga Staniszkis, The Two Parallel Context of Power: The Lisbon Treaty and the Global Crisis;
Kazimierz M. Słomczyński, Goldie Shabad, Public Support for Military Actions against Terrorism: The Effect of Age, Generations, and Political Orientations;
Witold Morawski, The Bound Prometheus. Institutional Analyses of Polish Modernization;
Elżbieta Hałas, Symbolic Construction of „Solidarity”: The Conflict of Interpretations and the Politics of Memory;
Marek S. Szczepański, Anna Śliz, The Transition from Socialist to Market Economy. Privatization: The Point of View of the Polish Society;
Janusz Mucha, Łukasz Krzyżowski, Aging in Poland at the Dawn of the 21st Century;
Antoni Sułek, Teaching with Kohn; Books Recommended

More information:

  • Jadwiga Staniszkis, The Two Parallel Context of Power: The Lisbon Treaty and the Global Crisis;
    This paper discusses the Lisbon Treaty as a new formula for power, one that both incorporates and relies upon complexity, networks, and multivalent logic. This discussion importantly draws upon the thinking of Hobbes, Locke, and Kant. It thereafter examines the suitability of the Lisbon Treaty in meeting the challenge of the global financial crisis, and its impact on civil society across Europe.
  • Kazimierz M. Słomczyński, Goldie Shabad, Public Support for Military Actions against Terrorism: The Effect of Age, Generations, and Political Orientations;
    This paper focuses on attitudes of Poles toward military interventions exercised by Polish troops in foreign countries. Specifically, we study the impact of age, generations, political biographies, and political orientations on mass support for military actions that have been framed in public debate and in the media as attempts to curtail or eliminate terrorism. Using data from the Polish Panel Study, POLPAN 2003-2008, we demonstrate that support for military actions depends on views on the political nature of terrorism, life experiences related to age/period, generational effects as defined by demographic cohorts and historical events, political biographies, and stances toward democracy and a market economy. These results are robust for 2003 and 2008. Although there is a significant decline of support for military actions through time, opinions expressed in 2003 strongly influence those expressed five years later. The longitudinal nature of our data allows us to show the effects of interactions of time-related variables on support for military actions in the most recent period, 2008. Effects of age on support for military action in 2008 depend on individuals’ stances on this issue in 2003, after the invasion of Iraq. Among those who were strong supporters of military action in the past, current support does not diminish with age. Among those who did not support military action in the past, however, current support quickly decreases with age.
  • Witold Morawski, The Bound Prometheus. Institutional Analyses of Polish Modernization;
    The author argues that it is worth applying the theoretical-methodological schemas of institutionalism to the analysis of modernization.He views institutions as bridges or in fact „engines” which are planes of inclusion of agencies (individuals, businesses, states etc.) in the structural processes of modernization, globalization, liberalization, democratization etc. He demonstrates how mechanisms differ depending on the type of institutionalism: rationalistic choice, dependence on structural heritage, sociological (functionalistic), political-legal, international. He makes references to Polish reality, past and present, in his analyses.
  • Elżbieta Hałas, Symbolic Construction of „Solidarity”: The Conflict of Interpretations and the Politics of Memory;
    The memory of the „Solidarity” movement, problems of memory and conflicts of memory are analyzed in the contemporary context of the formation of collective identities in Poland. Politics of memory and commemoration are discussed as part of the politics of symbolization.
    Symbolic construction of „Solidarity” is analyzed on two levels: the symbolism of the organization of collective actions and discursive symbolism-in other words-symbolism in the „Solidarity”movement and the symbolization of the movement. The other aspect implies politics of symbolization, politics of memory and commemoration, conflict of interpretations and conflict about the memory.
    The „Solidarity” movement has had many meanings and the interpretation of the movement can refer to various frames of meanings: a workers’ revolution, a civil revolution, a movement for national liberation, a movement for religious deprivatization, a moral movement. The multiplicity of meanings has generated conflicts of interpretations. Collective memory is crucial for the phenomenon of „Solidarity” both as a historical movement and as representations in discourses-the symbolic movement of memory.
  • Marek S. Szczepański, Anna Śliz, The Transition from Socialist to Market Economy. Privatization: The Point of View of the Polish Society;
    The aim of this paper is to analyse the process of privatization in Poland.We reflect on the winners and the losers of transformation processes as such, but also of their particular elements which are directly connected with privatization. Privatization in Poland started in the 80s. and is still continuing. From the very beginning privatization was viewed, by liberal governments in Poland, as the key issue in the process of political system transformation, market reforms and implementing economic freedom. Although 60% of Polish citizens agree that capitalist economy basing on private entrepreneurship is the best system for our country, many Polish citizens still represent rather critical approach to market economy because the process of privatization in Poland has been connected with two negative factors: unemployment and corruption. Yet Polish people start to accept new reality seeing advantages of capitalist aspects over socialist ones.
  • Janusz Mucha, Łukasz Krzyżowski, Aging in Poland at the Dawn of the 21st Century;
    The aim of this article is to present some aspects (both individual and collective) of the present and future situation of the elderly in the Western world, with particular stress on Poland. The authors examine a few contexts of aging as a stage of human life. Some aspects of the processes discussed here are relatively common whereas others have only gained importance in recent decades. This paper is composed of two parts. The first one, using socio-cultural anthropological, as well as historical data, describes various significant contexts of the present and approaching processes, focusing on the continued and changing perceptions of old age. The second part, based on the quantitative data delivered by statistical services and pooling centres, shows the most likely positions of various groups of the elderly in the Polish society in the perspective within the coming 25 years.
  • Antoni Sułek, Teaching with Kohn; Books Recommended
    Melvin L. Kohn is the author of well-known theory on the relationship between social class, work and personality, supported by sophisticated cross-national research. Kohn’s theory and research make a good example for the sociologists of how sociology should be done and cultivated. Here they are evaluated from the educational perspective.

 

The aim of this paper is to analyse the process of privatization in Poland.We reflect on the winners and the losers of transformation processes as such, but also of their particular elements which are directly connected with privatization. Privatization in Poland started in the 80s. and is still continuing. From the very beginning privatization was viewed, by liberal governments in Poland, as the key issue in the process of political system transformation, market reforms and implementing economic freedom. Although 60% of Polish citizens agree that capitalist economy basing on private entrepreneurship is the best system for our country, many Polish citizens still represent rather critical approach to market economy because the process of privatization in Poland has been connected with two negative factors: unemployment and corruption. Yet Polish people start to accept new reality seeing advantages of capitalist aspects over socialist ones.